## Physics Questions People Ask Fermilab

Speed of Light Theory

I haven't had much time to refine, and edit this theory, so please, bear with me. Also, if the topic starts to wonder, just go with it, since my mind often wonders when I get into topics that relate to astrophysics, and atomic theory.

First of, my current understanding of matter and it's behavior is that when matter hits the speed of light, 186,000 Mps, it turns into light, or energy. Now, as far as we can tell, the only matter we can get to these speeds are elementary particles. Now if my reasoning is correct, we are all made up of these particles. Correct? Well, I based a theory on that principle.

First, it involves coding each individual atom with a magnetic signature, all +, or all -. Once this has been complete, and same charge, + or - will be applied to the charged matter. This will cause the two forces to repel, and the matter to speed up. Once the matter achieves a certain speed, it loses certain variables that are normally added into equations like this. First is that of time.

When this matter reaches speeds near that of light, they no longer exist in "normal" time. But that of a parallel linear time, which coincides with our timeline, but doesn't behave in the same manner. In that it normally has only energy existing in it, and normal "matter" can not exist in it, with out traveling faster than the speed of light.

Now, once time has been eliminated, you can eliminate speed, due to the fact that speed in generally associated with time, and how long a takes an object to travel over a certain distance. The great amount of speed the matter has achieved would be to great to be measured with common instruments, and gauging devices. Plus, if you can eliminate time, you might as well also eliminate life. Unfortunately I have devised that the human race needs time to exist. Time to evolve, change, and prosper. If time were to stop, we would to. We wouldn't be able to stop, change, or do anything.

Anyhow, back to the topic at hand.

This matter has now been accelerated close to the speed of light. How will you get it to the speed of light? Eliminate it's mass. This is relatively simple. By passing the phased matter though a type of "wall" that is charged with ions, you can "ionize" the matter, and turn it into pure energy. This energy is capable of traveling infinite distances, in an infinite amount of time, because time doesn't move in energy. So even though it may seem to us on Earth as though this matter has been moving for millions of years, it would seem to the matter as if it has only traveled mere moments.

I know some of this probably sounds pretty far out, and even slightly insane, but that is what you might come to expect from an 8th grader. I might as well introduce myself to you. My name is Lance Waidzunas. I am 15 years old, and live in Naperville, IL. I've been studying particle physics, and astrophysics for about 2 years now. I believe what turned me on to this topic was the fact I was sitting in my room one day, and I got this flash of genius, in which I realized "what" everything was made of. This only spurred more questions, and of course, less answers. Then one morning, about 3 am, while I was jotting down aimless notes on the big bang theory, big crunch, and attempting to create a Grand Unification Theory, I came up with this crazy idea of how to propel matter across the universe using ions, elementary particles, magnets, and beams of light. This leads up to today. I have studied much, much more, and have become known as the resident genius in my school. I figured I might as well live up to that title, and attempt to do something for the good of the population. Sounds corny, huh? :-)

Anyhow, I have many, many other things I like to think about. Most of which can be found in Prof. Stephen Hawking's book, "A Brief History of Time." Also, I hope to someday tour the Fermi Labratories, and maybe look in, and share some ideas.

Please refine, improve on, or just totally mutilate this theory.

Lance S. Waidzunas
mulder@netwave.net

Lance,

First of all, I am happy to see you are excited about learning physics.

Some of the things you have mentioned are fine as philosophy but disagree with what has been experimentally measured by physicists.

For example, things that have mass are particles. You can convert a particle's mass into energy as Einstein says but only in one way - by annihilating it with its antiparticle. Fortunately there are not many antiparticles around or we would all become pure energy. The particles cannot just get faster and faster until they reach the speed of light. That's why it has that name. Only things with no mass like photons can travel at the speed of light. Particles can get infinitely close though. Thus accelerators such as Fermilab can get particles up to better than 99.9%. Matter with electric charge can of course radiate photons (light) but when it loses all motion energy by radiating it away it still has a rest mass which photons do not.

We are of course are all made of particles but they are quite slow (protons and electrons make atoms) compared to the speed of light which you will learn about in chemistry class.

Coding atoms with a polarization is doable but forces do not repel, the particles with (same in case of electric) charges repel by way of the electric force. In any case, electric charges are different from magnetic charges in that an electric charge would not have any effect on a magnetic charge (if at rest). What is done in accelerators is that an elecrtomagnetic wave is applied to particles with electric charges (electrons have - for example). They ride the wave and get more and more energy. The closer to the speed of light they get , the more and more energy they have. This is due to special relativity.

I don't know where you think variables are lost but time is not lost. Even for photons: when you say they travel at the speed of light, that is they cover about 1 foot per nanosecond (10^-9 sec). We actually measure them all the time. Particles with mass are somewhat slower depending on their speed and the time of flight is a well-accepted method of distinguishing different mass particles.

Again you cannot eliminate all the mass of a particle unless you annihilate it. Ionization has to do with taking away the outermost electron from a (neutral) atom and thus making it electrically charged. I think your concept of ionizing matter into pure energy is something else indeed.

Even if did go at the speed of light, it cannot go infinite distances in an infinitely small amount of time if that is what you mean. Again it goes 1 foot per nsec and that can be measured. Your concept is correct regarding how time is measured though. A particle moving close to the speed of light "thinks" time has only elapsed a small amount whereas the observer on Earth seems to think it takes a lot longer to traverse the same distance. This is a consequence of special relativity.

Keep up your thoughts though. We (physicists) have all spent many waking hours thinking and trying to understanding as well as having been told what we thought was correct was not quite as correct as we invisioned. You have a great headstart and if you keep up with reading about the subject you will be well on your way to getting into an excellent physics program at university.

Thanks for the interest,

Glenn Blanford
Fermilab Public Affairs