The Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA) is formed with the goal of designing a large accelerator.
MURA considers the conceptual design of a several-hundred GeV machine, including Robert R. Wilson's idea of cascading accelerators.
June 21, 1965:
Under contract from the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), Universities Research Associates, Inc. (URA) incorporates to build and operate a new “truly national” accelerator laboratory.
December 16, 1966:
After considering more than 200 proposals, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission selects Weston, Illinois, 30 miles west of Chicago, as the site for the new laboratory.
March 1, 1967:
URA appoints Robert R. Wilson as Fermilab's first director.
June 15, 1967:
Operations begin at Oak Brook, Illinois.
November 21, 1967:
President Lyndon Johnson signs bill authorizing the National Accelerator Laboratory
A flag raising ceremony marks the move of operations from Oak Brook to “The Village” on site.
December 1, 1968:
Groundbreaking for Linac
October 3, 1969:
Groundbreaking for Main Ring
Groundbreaking for the Central Laboratory Building, later named Wilson Hall
March 1, 1972:
First 200 GeV proton beam passes through Main Ring.
December 14, 1972:
Main Ring energy doubled to 400 GeV.
Fermilab establishes superconducting magnet R&D program
April 5, 1973:
Construction workers pour the last bucket of concrete on top of what becomes Wilson Hall
October 10, 1973:
Robert R. Wilson receives the National Medal of Science
September 29, 1973:
15-foot liquid-hydrogen bubble chamber, world’s largest, operated for the first time
May 11, 1974:
NAL dedicated and renamed as Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
September 7, 1976:
The first cancer patient receives neutron therapy treatment using the Linac.
June 30, 1977:
Fermilab experimenters announce discovery of bottom quark.
October 19, 1978:
Leon Lederman appointed director.
November 15, 1978:
Decision is made to double the energy in the Main Ring, leading to the Energy Doubler.
July 5, 1979:
Department of Energy authorizes Fermilab to build superconducting accelerator,
later named the Tevatron
February 9, 1980:
First stochastic cooling of a beam at Fermilab
September 18, 1980:
Central Laboratory Building renamed Wilson Hall
March 15, 1981:
Main Ring sets world record of 3E13 protons per pulse at 400 GeV
January 17, 1983:
Groundbreaking for the central building of the Industrial Building Center
March 18, 1983:
Installation of the last of 774 superconducting magnets for the Tevatron
July 3, 1983:
Tevatron accelerates protons to world record of 512 GeV
August 16, 1983:
Groundbreaking for Antiproton Source
October 1, 1983:
Start of the Tevatron fixed-target program at 400 GeV with five fixed-target experiments
February 16, 1984:
Acceleration of Tevatron beam to 800 GeV.
April 23, 1984:
Dedication of the Energy Doubler, also known as the Energy Saver and later named the Tevatron
Robert R. Wilson receives the Enrico Fermi award
September 6, 1985:
Antiproton Source produces and collects (“stacks”) first antiprotons
October 13, 1985:
First observation of proton-antiproton collisions by CDF collider detector at 1.6 TeV center-of-mass energy.
Tevatron named one of the Top Ten Engineering Achievements of the of the Last 100 Years by the Illinois Society of Professional Engineers
October 21, 1986:
Acceleration of Tevatron beam to 900 GeV.
November 30, 1986:
First proton-antiproton collisions at 1.8 TeV.
Stanley Livingston, former associate director of the laboratory, receives the Enrico Fermi award
October 19, 1988:
Leon Lederman is one of three recipients of the 1988 Nobel Prize for Physics.
December 2, 1988:
Dedication of the Feynman Computing Center
April 20, 1989:
John Peoples appointed director.
October 18, 1989:
Helen Edwards, Dick Lundy, Rich Orr and Alvin Tollestrup receive the National Medal of Technology for their work in building the Tevatron.
February 14, 1992:
DZero collider detector commissioned.
May 12, 1992:
DZero collider detector observes first proton-antiproton collisions
Leon Lederman receives the Enrico Fermi award
August 31, 1992:
Collider Run I begins
September 25, 1992:
Dedication of Lederman Science Education Center.
March 22, 1993:
Groundbreaking for Main Injector accelerator.
September 4, 1993:
New 400 MeV Linac commissioned.
September 27, 1993:
Tevatron’s cryogenic cooling system is named International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
April 26, 1994:
Announcement of first direct evidence for top quark.
February 2, 1995:
Tevatron sets world record for number of high-energy proton-antiproton particle collisions.
March 3, 1995:
Experimenters of the CDF and DZero collaborations announce discovery of top quark.
February 20, 1996:
End of Collider Run I. The Tevatron has delivered 180 inverse picobarns to both CDF and DZero.
November 18, 1996:
Observation of antihydrogen atoms at Fermilab
August 5, 1997:
The Tevatron delivers a record intensity 800 GeV beam for fixed-target experiments: 2.86E13.
September 11, 1997:
Fermilab switches off Main Ring accelerator for dismantling
December 8, 1997:
U.S. and European officials sign an agreement for U.S. participation in the Large Hadron Collider
March 5, 1998:
Discovery of B-sub-c Meson, the last of the quark-antiquark pairs known to exist
June 8, 1998:
Sloan Digital Sky Survey achieves first light.
March 1, 1999:
Observation of direct CP violation in neutral Kaons (epsilon prime is nonzero)
March 5, 1999:
Michael Witherell named Fermilab's fourth director.
March 17, 1999:
Groundbreaking in Argentina for the southern hemisphere site of the Pierre Auger Observatory
June 1, 1999:
Dedication of the Main Injector accelerator
July 20, 1999:
Groundbreaking for the MINOS far detector in Soudan, Minnesota
January 16, 2000:
Former director Robert R. Wilson dies at age 85.
End of the Tevatron fixed-target program, which provided beam to 43 experiments
April 13, 2000:
SDSS observes the most distant object ever observed at red shift 5.8
May 31, 2000:
Groundbreaking for the NuMI project at Fermilab
July 20, 2000:
The DONuT experiment reports first evidence for the direct observation of the tau neutrino
March 1, 2001:
Start of Tevatron Collider Run 2 with proton-antiproton collisions at 2 TeV
November 7, 2001:
The NuTeV collaboration reports an unusually high value for sin^2 theta W of 0.2277
September 12, 2002:
MiniBooNE experiment begins taking data
August 14, 2003:
The MINOS far detector starts data taking with cosmic rays
November 12, 2003:
Launch of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search at the Soudan Underground Laboratory
May 11, 2004:
Fermilab ships first LHC focusing magnet to CERN
July 16, 2004:
Tevatron achieves a peak luminosity of 1E32 cm -2sec -1.
October 7, 2004:
Fermilab Arts Series celebrates 30 th anniversary
December 6, 2004:
NIU launches Institute for Neutron Therapy at Fermilab
March 4, 2005:
Launch of the first neutrino beam from Fermilab to Minnesota
May 5, 2005:
Fermilab celebrates 25 years of Saturday Morning Physics
June 24, 2005:
Run 2 achieves one inverse femtobarn of integrated luminosity
July 1, 2005:
Pier Oddone becomes Fermilab’s fifth director
July 9, 2005:
First observation of electron cooling of antiprotons in the Recycler Ring
July 11, 2005:
Phase II starts for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
January 12, 2006:
SDSS-II reports the discovery of 139 new type 1a supernovae
February 10, 2006:
The Antiproton Source exceeds for the first time a stacking rate of 20 mA per hour
March 30, 2006:
MINOS presents its first measurement of delta m^2
April 21, 2006:
Proclamation of Illinois Particle Accelerator Day
September 9, 2006:
Tevatron achieves a peak luminosity of 2E32 cm-2sec-1
September 25, 2006:
Discovery of B_s matter-antimatter oscillations: 3 trillion times per second
October 23, 2006:
Discovery of Sigma-sub-b baryons (u-u-b and d-d-b)
January 7, 2007:
CDF announces the most precise measurement of the W boson mass by a single experiment
April 11, 2007:
MiniBooNE refutes LSND result and idea of fourth neutrino
Discovery of the cascade-b baryon (down-strange-bottom combination)
June 28, 2007:
SDSS II releases images of roughly 287 million celestial objects, including 197 type 1a supernovae
November 8, 2007:
Pierre Auger Observatory discovers non-uniform distribution of UHE
March 17, 2008:
The Tevatron achieves a peak luminosity in excess of 3E32 cm -2sec -1.
March 25, 2008:
The Tevatron delivers 50 inverse picobarns in a single week
July 30, 2008:
Observation of ZZ diboson production at the Tevatron
August 4, 2008:
Tevatron experiments start restricting the allowed Higgs mass range
September 10, 2008:
Pajama party at Fermilab to witness the first beam of the LHC from the ROC
September 10, 2008:
First beam for Large Hadron Collider
Both CDF and DZero reach five inverse femtobarns of luminosity
November 14, 2008:
Inauguration of the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina
March 9, 2009:
Discovery of single top quark production
March 11, 2009:
DZero announces the world’s best measurement of W boson mass
March 18, 2009:
Discovery of a new quark structure named Y(4140)
May 1, 2009:
Groundbreaking for the NOvA experiment in Ash River, Minnesota
June 29, 2009:
Discovery of the Omega-sub-b baryon
March 30, 2010:
First LHC collisions at 7 TeV
April 16, 2010:
Tevatron achieves a peak luminosity of 4E32 cm-2sec-1
September 21, 2010:
Fermilab breaks ground for expansion of test accelerator facility
June 24, 2011:
MINOS sees candidate events for muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillation
Discovery of the Xi-sub-b, a heavy relative of the neutron
September 30, 2011:
Tevatron produces final proton-antiproton collisions; data analysis will continue for several years
December 16, 2011
Fermilab breaks ground for Illinois Accelerator Research Center
Jan. 23, 2012
Groundbreaking of Liquid-Argon Test Facility (Video)
February 15, 2012
Test beam facility exceeds 500 collaborators
March 2, 2012
Tevatron experiments announce world’s best measurement of W boson mass
March 7, 2012
First beam to SeaQuest experiment
March 29, 2012
Construction begins of MicroBooNE experiment
June 5, 2012
MINOS experiment announces world’s best measurement of key property of neutrinos
June 25, 2012
Construction begins of underground hall for NOvA near detector
July 2, 2012
Tevatron scientists announce their latest results on the Higgs particle
July 4, 2012
Search for Higgs boson at Large Hadron Collider reveals new particle
July 4, 2012
Hundreds of people gather at Fermilab to witness Higgs announcement at CERN
August 21, 2012
Fermilab retires iconic Cockcroft-Walton accelerator
August 24, 2012:
Pierre Auger measures particle cross section at 57 TeV
September 6, 2012
Crews complete first block of NOvA detector, North America’s most advanced neutrino experiment
September 17, 2012
World’s most powerful digital camera opens eye, records first images in hunt for dark energy
February 12, 2013
Release of 40-minute documentary: Fermilab: Science at Work
March 14, 2013
New evidence strengthens case that new particle is a Higgs boson
March 28, 2013
NOvA neutrino detector records first 3-D particle tracks
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